India

A Case for Urban Employment Guarantee Programme – Necessity, Precedents and Proposals

The Covid-19 pandemic has had a devastating impact on not just public health, but also on economies and livelihoods of people around the world. Socio-economic inequalities worsened globally, pushing about 230 million people into poverty in India alone, as per a report by Azim Premji University [1]. If there is one thing that the last …

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Leveraging Bureaucracy for Effective Public Service Delivery

The Constitution of India divides the government into three branches – namely, the Legislature, Executive, and the Judiciary, with clearly defined roles and responsibilities. Legislature is responsible for law- making, and the executive takes care of policymaking and its execution. The public policies are elaborated and implemented through laws, rules, and regulations subject to review …

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How Reservation for Women in Panchayati Raj Institutions Turned into a Proxy Paradox

Despite the fact that women account for half of the country’s population, their representation in the public arena is limited due to the country’s socio-cultural circumstances and patriarchal structure. India is no exception as just like many other countries of the world, women are underrepresented at all levels of decision-making. As the data suggests, the …

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The Silver Lining on Red Light

The word ‘sex’ is considered taboo and brings shame to the people who dare to utter it. One can only imagine the social stigma attached to sex-work and the people involved in it.  Though sex-work is not a criminal offense, but, under the  Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1986, (ITPA), brothel-keeping, living on earnings of a …

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Swachh Bharat Mission: Grameen (SBM-G) Through Behavioural Lens

Sound Public Policies target the minds of the people. They are there to change the behavior of the public to benefit society. One such well-known policy is “Swacch Bharat Mission – Grameen (SBM-G)”. It had shifted its focus from production outputs (i.e. toilet construction) to behavioral outcomes (open-defecation-free [ODF]). It focused on active involvement by …

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