India, as a country, seems to have come a long way with several debatable initiatives by the Government and a lot more social and political awareness in the youth of today. As we navigate through media reports and op-eds with all eyes on the affairs of the Parliament in Delhi, the Legislative Assemblies and their role in making the nation actualise into the idea of India that is laid down by the Constitution has often been overlooked. Let’s dial back a little, what are the State Legislative Assemblies and why are they important?

What is the Legislative Assembly?

In simple words, the legislative assembly is where representatives of the people from a State come together to deliberate upon policies which are targeted to achieve the desired goal for the benefit of the State and pass laws for implementing justice in the State. All States and Union Territories of India have varied contexts and therefore need tailored discussions and a healthy leadership which takes the State forward. It is in light of these that the Legislative Assembly plays a crucial role in ensuring that together, as a nation, we truly move towards our goal of development. But, 

Are the MLAs in our nation truly standing on the promises they had once made before the elections?

A recent research to probe into the working days of the Legislative Assembly across States produced a rather disappointing result. The table shared below shows the number of days these Assemblies worked for from 2017 – 19.

States 2017 2018 2019
Uttar Pradesh 23 25 18
Jharkhand 21 17 19
Punjab 12 14 9
Haryana 16 14 15
Delhi 21 30 12
Himachal Pradesh 28 34 30
Telangana 22 25 29
Andhra Pradesh 30 27 32
Bihar 35 33 33
Maharashtra 44 43 20
Tripura 14 15 9
Mizoram Unavailable 26 28
Goa 23 16 26

(Information collected from individual state legislative assembly websites)

The working days were uncomfortably low across the States and one is essentially left with the question, in an era of information available at the touch of fingertips and wars raging on twitter about the governance in our country, how is it that the Legislative Assemblies managed to go completely unnoticed?

Well, Article 174(1) of the Indian Constitution reads: “The governor shall from time to time summon the house or each house of the legislature of the state to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit, but six months shall not intervene between its last sitting in one session and the date appointed for its first sitting in the next session.

This exactly has been the excuse used time and again to justify the abysmal working days of the Legislative Assemblies along with the fact that there is absolutely no policy which mandates a minimum number of working days for Legislative Assemblies. In Government, where everything pretty much has a cut-off, there seems to be absolutely nothing mentioned in the Constitution about the minimum number of working days for Legislative Assembly.

What was even more surprising is that even for the number of working days available, very few Legislative Assemblies like Delhi, Telangana and Bihar had the recording of the sessions available for the citizens. To dive further into the functioning of Legislative Assembly, I started looking for more indicators like the Attendance of the MLAs in sessions, the availability of transcripts for the sessions in local language for the common men, or just having recordings available for viewing. The table below reflects my findings so far for the States I looked into.

State Attendance Live Recordings/ Webcast available? Assembly documents available in local language?
Uttar Pradesh Unavailable Unavailable Unavailable
Jharkhand Unavailable Unavailable Unavailable
Punjab Unavailable Unavailable Available
Haryana Unavailable Unavailable Available
Delhi 80.30% Available Available
Himachal Pradesh Unavailable Only Question Hour available Available
Telangana Unavailable Available Unavailable
Andhra Pradesh Data Available till 13th

Assembly

Unavailable Unavailable
Bihar Unavailable Available Available
Maharashtra 81.25% Unavailable Available
Tripura Unavailable Unavailable Unavailable
Mizoram 73% Unavailable Unavailable
Goa Unavailable Unavailable Unavailable

(All data has been taken from the website of respective State Legislative Assemblies, the attendance data for Delhi and Maharashtra is from 2018 and was taken from reports by Praja Foundation while the attendance data for Mizoram is from 2018 and was taken from a report by Association for Democratic Reforms)

It was surprising to find absolutely no mention of attendance in the official websites of any of the State Assemblies. One might wonder how are our MLAs leading such a comfortable work-life and why has there been no account of their presence or participation in sessions to the public? Constitutional provisions relating to the attendance finds mention in Article 190 (4): If for a period of sixty days a member of House of the Legislature of a State without permission of the House absent from all meetings thereof, the House may declare his seat vacant; Provided that in computing the said period of sixty days no account shall be taken of any period during which the House is prorogued or is adjourned for more than four consecutive days. Please note, the House ‘may’ and not ‘shall’ declare his seat vacant.

The loopholes again play right into the hands of those who misuse it and that has been the case for most of our representatives. One might argue that why should we worry so much about the working days of our Legislative Assemblies or why should we worry about the attendance of MLAs? We should, in fact, we must. While it is true that working days alone are not an indicator of good governance, it is important to remember why the Assembly exists and why we voted during the elections. It was for one prime reason; to have the best interest of the State in mind and to have our representatives debate policies and laws and evaluate them before reaching a conclusion. Creating a flawless law may be impossible, but it cannot be denied that good laws are made through debates and discussions. A while back I had a conversation with a colleague and I asked him if working days are so irrelevant then where does the debate and discussion takes place? He took a second to respond “On Twitter”.

Apart from that, the lack of availability of live recordings of sessions or transcripts of the session in local language curtails the ability of the common people to get information from reliable sources on topics that are very relevant to them. Often, the media reports have been called an eschewed version of the reality, but what other options does a resident of a state have for getting information if the government website refrains from sharing the relevant details? It is always in the best interest of the state to have its residents invested in their growth.

What can be done?

We are the world’s largest democracy and for us to just be functional doesn’t seem enough. What are we doing to move towards growth? Dissent has often been seen in poor light in our country’s recent past. However, it is a fundamental part of a democracy and therefore we must rise and question our leaders and also help them by suggesting solutions to the flaws we currently see in our system. We need authority and accountability to form a structure of good governance and here are a few ways state assemblies and citizens can do that:

  1. Have a survey done by an external organisation to understand the reason why the working days are kept at a minimum and why do MLAs feel inclined to miss
  2. There needs to be a formal report card on MLAs of each constituency every year based on suitable criteria by an external agency. A job without accountability does no good to anyone and it’s about time we evaluate the performance of our representatives beyond the charged speeches before
  3. Websites need to be bilingual and relevant recordings of all sessions and transcripts must be uploaded for the viewing of
  4. Public participation must be encouraged in the process of policy-making.
  5. Lastly, the attendance of MLAs must be shared in the official website of the Legislative Assembly to bring in

Read more: Judicial Memorandum

Disclaimer

The views expressed in this article are the author's own.


Mayuri Purkayastha

Mayuri Purkayastha is an alumnus of Teach For India and has spent the last 5 years working at the grassroots level of Education Sector. Mayuri is currently working with VIF as a policy research intern and helping the Joint Women's Program in designing a project for children during COVID.

1 Comment

Anurodh Sachdeva · September 11, 2020 at 5:40 pm

Very interesting analysis. Accountability is seldom taken into account. The article made me think that the narrative is that elections are the penultimate litmus tests for the MLAs however we know that is far from true. So could we design a process or criteria against which the MLA’s performance can be held accountable against?

Leave a Reply

Avatar placeholder

Your email address will not be published.

Share via
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap